Indian Army’s Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile - QRSAM
QRSAM is a quick-reaction surface-to-air missile developed by DRDO to provide protection to Indian Army mechanized columns against aerial threats. UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) technology advancements have posed a serious threat in modern warfare. Armed UAVs can inflict severe damage to the armed mechanized forces.
The Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile (QRSAM) is a surface-to-air missile developed by the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Bharat Electronics Limited for the Indian Army. Bharat Dynamics Limited is the public sector company responsible for manufacturing these missiles.
The QRSAM missile system is highly effective in providing protection against a wide range of aerial threats such as low-flying fighter jets, attack helicopters, and armed UAVs that pose a threat to the armored contingents of the Indian Army.
The QRSAM missile system has a fully automated command and control system that has been designed to quickly scan and identify potential aerial threats. The missile system provides the operator with the capability to track, lock-on, and engage multiple targets.
The QRSAM missile system is equipped with two four-walled radars capable of providing 360-degree coverage. The two radars of the missile system are the Active Array Battery Surveillance Radar and the Active Array Battery Multifunction Radar.
BrahMos Missile General Features
Surface-To-Air Missile System
Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
Bharat Dynamics Limited
6 Tube Launcher Mounted on 8 x 8 Ashok Leyland or Tata Motors
HMX / TNT, Pre-Fragmented
32 kg (71 lb)
Optical Proximity Fuze
Missile: 3 km (9,800 ft) - 30 km (19 miles)
30 m (98 ft) - 10 km (33,000 ft)
90% - 95%
Mid-Course: Inertial Navigation System With Two Way Datalink
Terminal: Active Radar Homing
Over Mach 4.7
QRSAM Missile Features
The QR SAM missile system was created as a compact and highly mobile air defence system capable of providing effective security cover against a variety of aerial threats.The missile system is mounted on an 8-by-8 truck manufactured by Ashok Leyland Defense Systems.
The missile system works as a fully autonomous system that scans, identifies targets, locks on to the target, and provides 360-degree protection coverage. Larsen & Toubro (L&T) in India developed the SAM system’s transporter erector launcher (TEL).While missiles are manufactured by Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL),
Each QRSAM battery launcher has six missiles, and it can simultaneously engage six different targets. The QRSAM missile system is equipped with an anti-jamming system with electronic countermeasure capabilities that cannot be easily jammed. It is a single-stage solid-fuel missile propelled by using a solid propellant to minimise reaction time.
The QRSAM missile guidance system is equipped with a midcourse inertial navigation system with two-way data link capability and a DRDO-developed terminal active radar seeker. The missile is detonated by a laser proximity fuse developed by the Instruments Research and Development Establishment (IRDE).
The missile can function and engage multiple targets with its fully automatic command and control system, target acquisition system, and fire control radars. The QRSAM system has a maximum effective range of 30 km (19 miles), and it can intercept low flying targets at 10 km (6.2 miles) altitude with more than 90% accuracy.